Honey bees have adapted several method to ensure proper conditions within the hive remain stable.
One such method includes using plant resins combined with wax to form propolis, which the bees spread throughout the hive.
Propolis has antimicrobial and antiseptic properties that help protect the colony from diseases.
This study used whole genome sequencing of the honey bee microbiome to understand what influence propolis has on honey bee gut bacteria.
Overall, propolis appears to play a significant role in regulating the honey bee microbial community and may be contributing its antimicrobial properties to maintaining favorable bacterial communities within bees.
Source: The Royal Society